I recently did a video here in Orlando for iWake.com for their Winter Workout series. I highlight some of the best foam rolling exercises for keeping wakeboarders healthy. Check it out!
Abs are made in the kitchen, right? There are ongoing statistics about how much of one’s appearance and athletic performance is based on diet versus exercise or training. What is concrete is the fact that quality of fuel in is going to reflect in the quality of structure built and the performance of that structure. If you buy the cheapest fuel for your boat, chances are the gas efficiency and the performance of the engine will be less than that of premium fuel. This is an essential concept when talking about nutrition for athletes.
The problem in the US today is that most people don’t eat real food. Too much of our diets consist of processed or refined food product. The typical diet is full of convenience items, loaded with fast food and on-the-go treats. While some of these things help to make life easier, our bodies internally pay the price. We become overworked and toxic, taking away from our performance in other areas, like muscular strength or endurance.
Sometimes it takes going back in time and thinking more primal to understand what our bodies were designed to eat. The idea is to follow the menu choices of a caveman. Cavemen were hunters and gatherers. Their bodies evolved to be ready at a moments notice to chase down the next meal, because food wasn’t always available. They were mentally challenged to plan their ways of attack and other motives for survival. They survived on meat, fish, eggs, vegetables, fruit and nuts. This becomes the basis of nutrition for athletes:
1. Lean Meats/Fish
6. Healthy Oils
The benefits are vast. The higher protein intake allows for proper muscle growth and maintenance, the fiber is high to ensure intestinal health, and the omega-3 to 6 ratio is ideal for prevention of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes. Real, whole foods offer a higher amount of vitamins and minerals and keeps the body alkaline, which wards off kidney disease and muscle loss. Hydration needs to be a main focus as water plays a part in every physiological process. As athletes, it is important to consume enough calories depending on your activity level. Plan ahead by making meals and snacks that are easy for on the go
The lower back is an extremely important area in the sport of wakeboarding. It acts as part of the core to stabilize while being pulled from either the boat or cable. It also is often engaged as the center of gravity for flips and spins. The lower back is stocked with layers upon layers of muscles and ligaments for stability and cushioned with discs for shock absorption. The complexity is great, but often times, the small, but important, muscles tend to be underutilized. It is important to keep them all engaged to prevent injury and remain pain free.
Here are a few exercises to strengthen the stabilizing muscles in the lumbar spine:
1. Pelvic Tilts- Begin lying on the ground with your knees bent and feet flat on the floor. Start pulling your belly button into your spine and drawing it in and up. Hold for a few seconds then release, moving into an arched position. Repeat for 20 repetitions.
2. Bridges- Begin in the same position as pelvic tilts. With your arms at your sides, palms facing down, push your pelvis up, contracting your glutes. Hold for a few seconds and lower back down to starting position. Repeat for 20 repetitions.
3. Cross Crawl- Begin on your hands and knees, with your belly button pulled into your spine and your head in a neutral position. Start lifting right arm and left leg, extending out and elongating. Bring back to starting position and repeat with opposite arm and leg. Continue alternating for 20 reps per side, aiming to have a smooth transition and holding the abdominals tight.
4. Cat-Camel- Begin in the same position as cross crawls. Start by arching your back and sagging your belly (the cat). Hold for a few seconds and transition into pulling your stomach in as high as you can (the camel). Alternate back in forth for 20 repetitions.
5. Side Plank-Start in a push up position, except on the elbows. Move your weight to one elbow and open up to stack feet on one another or beside, depending on proficiency. Raise the free arm into the air or bend and place on hip. Hold for 30-45 seconds. Repeat on opposite side.
6. Supermans- Begin lying on your stomach. Reach arms out overhead. Lift arms and legs a few inches off the ground and hold, while engaging the glutes and lower back muscles. Hold for 30-45 seconds. Repeat 3 times.
Water is a pretty important thing in our sport. Without it we don’t have one! But aside from the water that surrounds us daily, the most important thing about water is how much we drink. Hydration plays a key role in how our bodies function and in turn, how we feel. For athletes, the demand for water becomes greater and the consequences of dehydration are much more severe. Because wakeboarding is typically done outside with the sun, heat, and wind, dehydration is much more likely to be a problem.
According to the US Geological Survey, “Up to 60% of the human body is water, the brain is composed of 70% water, and the lungs are nearly 90% water. Lean muscle tissue contains about 75% water by weight, as is the brain; body fat contains 10% water and bone has 22% water. About 83% of our blood is water, which helps digest our food, transport waste, and control body temperature. Each day humans must replace 2.4 litres of water, some through drinking and the rest taken by the body from the foods eaten.” This means water is one of the most important components to nutrition!
Because water is used to regulate body temperature, lubricate joints, move waste, and dissolve nutrients, water plays an important role in our daily bodily functions. The effects of dehydration can be felt many ways:
The unfortunate thing about dehydration, is that when you begin to feel the effects, dehydration has already set in. This makes it even more important to be properly hydrated ahead of time. It is recommended to drink 8 8oz glasses of water daily. As this is just a general rule, for athletes, this amount should be higher. Avoid caffeine and alcohol, as they are dehydrating in themselves, and beware of extra sugar and calories in sports drinks and juices. The best way to hydrate is with regular water! Remember to carry water bottles with you, especially to the gym, outdoor activities, and especially on the boat or at the cable when riding!
We think there’s no possible way to over train in wakeboarding, right? The set is only 30 minutes long riding boat or an hour at the cable, so there is no way you can damage yourself by riding daily! WRONG.
The constant load on the body during wakeboarding can have some devastating effects.
How do you know you are overtraining?
1. You aren’t progressing, you are actually regressing. If you can no longer land the tricks you normally land, it takes more effort to do what was normally simple or routine, or if you feel sluggish with nothing to attribute it to (hang-over, heavy crosstraining, extended period off the water), you may be overtraining.
2. You feel restless, anxious, or have trouble sleeping. “When a power athlete overtrains, the sympathetic nervous system dominates. Symptoms include hyperexcitability, restlessness, and an inability to focus (especially on athletic performance), even while at rest or on your off day. Sleep is generally disturbed in sympathetic-dominant overtrained athletes, recovery slows, and the resting heart rate remains elevated. Simply put, the body is reacting to a chronically stressful situation by heightening the sympathetic stress system’s activity levels.”
3. Your muscles and joints hurt. Constant overuse can contribute to stress fractures, muscles strains, and an early onset of degeneration due to the constant forces on the body without any time for recovery. Muscles, especially, undergo Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS), after an intense workout and may not show up until a few days after the initial workout, but can also be easily confused with improper training techniques or a microtrauma. It is important to differentiate the two, so any minor injuries can be given proper time and treatment to heal.
4. You are tired, have lost your appetite, lost muscle mass, and are irritable. Not a great combo, but are some tell-tale signs you’ve been training too hard.
So, what to do?
Make sure you have at LEAST one day off completely. No activity. Schedule cross-training and yoga/stretching/foam rolling so that the activity that requires the most effort (wakeboarding) is first, and the optional activities happen later. This will help prevent injuries caused by wakeboarding while fatigued.
Listen to your body. If you are sore, in pain, fatigued etc. take the day off or commit to doing a lighter activity.
Use modalities like heat and ice, as well as proper nutrition and hydration to keep your body functioning at its highest potential. Massage, acupuncture, and chiropractic treatments are beneficial to help recovery times and aid in minor injuries.
Keep an eye out for warning signs to prevent any serious damage or injury.
Around this time, in most places, fall has begun to settle in. The air has gotten cooler and soon to follow will be the water temperature. Riding in cooler temperatures brings a whole new set of conditions to deal with, but who wants to cut the season short? Below are a few tips to help keep your riding at its best throughout the fall and winter months.
1. Get a wetsuit: a good one. Being comfortable on the water is the most important. Wetsuits are design to maintain your core temperature and keep a small layer of water between the skin and wetsuit warm, so you stay warm. Quality wetsuits can make or break your winter. Find a suit that is a proper thickness for your climate, and try to find one that is sealed, GBS (glued and blind stitched.) You want mobility so find one where the neoprene is stretchy. Also, shop around and make sure you are comfortable in what you buy.
2. Do a proper warm up. Don’t just jump in and go! Warm up on land a but to help to increase your body temperature and heart rate. Then when its your turn, make sure you spend time warming up some basics before jumping into your hardest mobe. This will help to increase the circulation to your hands and feet, the areas that will lack blood supply when in colder temperatures.
3. Know when its too cold. Nothing good will come out of a set that is in 45 degree water with 40 degree air temp. Know the boundaries and stick to them. You risk injury, hypothermia, and feeling pretty uncomfortable when you battle the weather. Make sure the benefits outweigh the risks.
4. Listen to your body. When you are riding, listen to your body and the signals it gives you. If you cannot feel your hands or feet, its probably time to come in. If you feel any aches or pains, or have trouble catching your breath, its also time to go in and get warm.
5. Bring a change of clothes. As soon as your set is done, change out of your wet clothes immediately. Especially if you have a few more people riding before you head in. This will get you warmer faster by eliminating the feeling of water evaporating.
6. Stay in shape and eat well. Keeping your fitness up and feeding your body with proper nutrition will keep you more conditioned to ride, regardless of the outdoor conditions. This will help you to bare the elements throughout the winter!
7. Ride at a cable park. Typically you spend less time in the water at a cable park (I supposed this is dependent on skill level…) and when you are in the water you are moving, kicking, and swimming to the side. Another thing at the cable is that you tend to ride, collectively, for a longer period of time. Your activity is more sustained, leading to a higher output of energy which keeps you warm! But, that being said, still keep in mind all of the above!
8. Plan a warm weather wakeboarding trip!
Rib pain is nothing to mess with. Whether you fell on a rail, smacked the water, or feel pain from overuse, rib pain is something that is unforgettable. Pain around the ribs is very significant due to the inflamed intercostal nerves, which are very sensitive and run in between each rib. The pain can range from acute, stabbing, tearing pain, to a simple dull ache. Also between each rib is intercostal muscle as well as ligaments and tendons, which can be torn or pulled, also leading to pain on or around the rib cage. The bones of the rib cage can break, from impact, which can lead to local pain directly over the region affected.
How do you know for sure you’ve injured your ribs? Look for:
1. Pain in the vicinity of the rib cage.
2. Bruising or swelling around the ribs.
3. Pain with pressure, contraction of the abdominal muscles, or deep inhalation.
4. Pain when stretching the rib cage area or twisting of the torso.
5. Pain that wraps around the chest and is band-like.
When to see a doctor:
1. If breathing becomes difficult or you experience any shortness of breath.
2. If you think you may have broken a rib.
3. Pain in a band that is accompanied by a rash.
What to do if you’ve injured your ribs:
Rest. Overusing the ribs or attempting to push through will only cause the injury to stick around longer. Take some time off and avoid re aggravation.
Ice. Icing the area for 15-20 minutes, multiple times per day will decrease local inflammation and reduce pain.
Take normal sized breaths. Avoiding full lung capacity will only increase the risk of lung infection, so try to breath normally, with occasional deep breaths, even if it is painful.
Protect the area. Be careful to avoid contact or activity that will further injure the ribs. KT taping is also helpful to temporarily support the ribs and surrounding tissues to speed healing.
Use massage or Graston/Gua Sha. These techniques can help to align torn fibers, reduce scar tissue and adhesion in the fascia, increase circulation, and speed healing.
The best way to help rib pain is to avoid injury or overuse in the first place! If trying new tricks or rails, wear a fully padded vest to ensure extra cushion in case of falls. Also, strengthening the muscles of the abdomen, back, and shoulders will secure the extra strength so the rib cage is protected. Happy Riding!
Has wakeboarding given you low back pain? Unfortunately, the nature of falling from the sky onto flat water just isn’t ergonomically correct! Wakeboarding causes repetitive stresses to the tissue of the lower back, the vertebrae, discs, and muscles and ligaments that hold everything together. These tissues can cause pain that is local in nature, achy, and can turn into sharp or debilitating depending on how severe the damage is. What kind of pain are you having?
Muscle pain is typically the most common and is diffuse, or spread out, and is achy in nature. It comes about after lengthy rides, trying new tricks, multiple falls (that aren’t severe), and typically feels worse after inactivity (like sitting) and better once you move around for a little while. Muscle pain can also be severe during the situation of muscle splinting or spasm. Muscle pain responds well to soft tissue treatments like massage, Graston, manual therapy, etc as well as icing techniques (15-20 minutes with small towel or shirt between ice and skin) and electrical stimulation to decrease inflammation or pain.
Vertabrae are the bones of the spine that make up a column to act as the foundation of the midsection as well as protection for the spinal cord. Falls, repetitive stress, and the constant pounding from landings can cause the vertebra to shift and be come whats called subluxated. This is a malposition of the vertebrae which can cause pain and inflammation of the surrounding nerves. It can also cause decreased range of motion and over time, if not corrected, can lead to degeneration of the joint. Getting adjusted by a chiropractor or DO, stretching and yoga, and foam rolling can be useful in addressing pinched nerves and subluxations.
Between each of the above named vertebra are discs. Discs act as cushion for impact between the two bones. Discs can bulge or herniate if impact is great enough and cause significant pain due to the close proximity of the disc to spinal nerves. Pain from these nerves radiate, or originate at the spine but travel down an extremity. Disc pain can be treated through decompression, traction, adjustment, and therapies to reduce inflammation, like ice and electrical stimulation. This can all be done at a chiropractic office or physical therapist. If the disc issue doesn’t respond to conservative care, further evaluation should be done by a neurologist.
Lower back pain is a very treatable condition when it comes to wakeboarding, and the best way to start is with ice and rest. Once the pain is under control, strengthening the lower spine will keep you from injuring it again in the future. More on that, coming next!
*If you have back pain accompanied by a fever, flank pain, abdominal pain, or bowel or bladder problems, consult your general practitioner to rule out the possibility of appendicitis, diverticulitis, kidney issues, or other organ pathology. If in doubt, always consult a physician.
At some point or another, while wakeboarding, you may have experienced some ankle pain. It may have been while riding, after a landing, or something you have noticed later after you took your set. You may have noticed swelling, tenderness, or an inability to bear weight on your foot. While riding, the ankle undergoes multiple forces that shear the bones and lead to inflammation. Bindings that don’t fit correctly, hard landings, or major crashes can cause the ankle to become injured.
Because the ankle attaches the lower leg to the foot, there is a complex network of muscles, tendons, ligaments, and bones involved.
image: medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com, http://home.comcast.net/~wnor/lljoints.htm
Typically, if your bindings don’t fit correctly, a pinching sensation will be felt in the front of the ankle. Because the binding is too tight around the metatarsals and forefoot, all the motion from leaning to stay on edge or landing must come from the joint between the talus and the tibia, instead of being able to translate through the foot . This “pinching” sensation is the bones putting pressure on the tendons and ligaments that cross the joint. Repetitive pinching can lead to inflammation and longer-lasting pain. Also, the lack of motion translated through the foot leads to a heavier heel stike on landings, cause heel pain after multiple tricks.
Landing hard, like into the flats or casing the wake, can lead to ankle injury. The force from the board hitting the water is dispersed through the joint , leading to pain that can manifest in a variety of areas. The pain will most likely be felt in the weakest part of the ankle, which for most is the lateral, or outside, part. Because the ligaments in this area are the smallest, it is the most frequently sprained area of the foot. Making sure landings are absorbed with the knees, or are positioned correctly over the second wake will help prevent these injuries. If the injury has already occurred, proper treatment to resolve the injury is important so the ankle joint remains strong and doesn’t develop stress patterns and ongoing pain.
The ankle is affected during many of the infamous wakeboard crashes. The worst seems to be the “foot came halfway out of the binding” crash. During this maneuver, the front of the ankle becomes stretched and the backside compresses. This overstretches the ligaments and muscles of the anterior ankle and pinches the calcaneous, of heel bone, into the talus and achilles tendon. This stretch and compression can lead to inflammation, swelling, and pain. Other crashes can cause the ankle to bend laterally depending on how you fall. This can lead to the more normal presentation of ankle sprain. Sometimes, however, the pain from crashes can be felt up the shin due to the design of bindings. It is important to treat the entire lower leg, below the knee, when the ankle is involved to ensure no causative factors are missed.
So what to do?
1. Make sure your bindings fit properly. Get advice from a representative or an employee of a local boardshop to make sure your bindings are the correct size and shape for your foot and your riding style.
2. Strengthen the ankles. Simple calf raises, toe and heel walks, and ankle ABC’s can do wonders to strengthen and prevent injury.
3. Treat injuries as soon as they happen. Remember RICE. Rest comes first. Don’t ride on a hurt ankle if you don’t have to. You will lead to further damage and possible stress fractures. Ice should be your best friend. 10-15 minutes 2 times per day will help calm inflammation and swelling, as well as numb your pain. Compression and Elevation will also help to reduce swelling.
Everyone knows the easiest way to get essential nutrients into our bodies is from what we eat and drink. So what if what’s in our diet just isn’t enough? Gaps in the diet happen. Travel, stress, and excessive exercise all can deplete our bodies and if they aren’t properly refueled can lead to slower recovery time, decreased resistance to sickness, fatigue, and overall decline in general health. Supplementation can bridge those gaps.
As athletes, our bodies take a beating from the constant rebuilding of our muscles. To properly rebuild that muscle, however, you must have the essential building blocks or nutrients to make healthy tissue. Making sure we have all those building blocks available is what leads to faster recovery time, vivacity, and strong , healthy tissues.
Supplements come in a variety of shapes and forms. It is essential to purchase your supplements from a trusted source to ensure you are really getting whats in the bottle. Whole food supplements are typically the best choice, making the nutrient the most bio-available and ready to utilize in the body. The common misconception, however, is the lack of “nutrition facts” on the side of whole food supplements. Instead of saing 100% DV of Vitamin C, it will read buckwheat, beet juice and carrot root. Move your view from reading percentages and think about eating real food. When you eat an orange, you know there is vitamin C inside, but there is no label telling you so. In this post, I will try and guide you in the right direction for choosing the right supplements and ingredients for your needs.
Multivitamin: Multivitamins are important to enhance the diet and ensure nutrients are ready and available to be utilized in the body. The multivitamin doesn’t need to contain 100% of all the daily values, but aim for one that contains both vitamins and minerals. Again, whole food supplements are the best and may need to be taken a few times per day to be absorbed at the best potential. Look for ingredients like beet root, beet juice, buckwheat, carrot root, calcium lactate, magnesium citrate, oat flour, and alfalfa. These ingredients yield a high value of usable vitamins and minerals.
Whey Protein: Proteins are the building blocks of our DNA, cells, and tissues. Proteins are also essential to the way these cells and tissues function. Adding whey protein into the diet, whether as a recovery drink, meal, or just daily nutrition, is an easy way to support the body as well as satisfy hunger. Protein will sustain hunger longer which can contribute to weight control.
Joint Support: Glucosamine, chondroitin, MSM are the big three that come in joint support formulas. They have been shown to reduce the progression of osteoarthritis and help control symptoms. Also look for supplements containing Boswellia, Tumeric, Ginger and Bromelain. These last four ingredients contribute an anti-inflammatory effect as well as an analgesic effect, helping to reduce joint pain.
Omega-3s/EPA/DHA: Omega-3s are important to help maintain cardiovascular health. Omega-3s reduce inflammation, reduce rates of heart disease, and increase blood flow. These can be found in supplements like fish oil, crill oil, and flax seed oil.
Water: No, water isn’t exactly a supplement. But, it should be consumed everyday in large quantities. Water makes up 70% of the body so there needs to be plenty of it available to replenish the tissues. Muscles, tendons, ligaments, and discs all can become dehydrated, lose elasticity, and become more prone to injury. Its easy, and its free!
Like what was said earlier, the best way to get the proper nutrients is through eating whole foods, but if your diet isn’t enough, these go-to supplements are the way to go to make sure you’re getting what you need as an athlete!